Publication Ethics

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed PENGAMAS journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society. The ethical rules of this publication apply to writers / authors, editors, bestari partners / reviewers, and managers of journals / editors. The ethics of the publication refer to The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
PPI - Penelitian dan Pengembangan Ilmu (PRODUCTIVITY) Journal takes its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing extremely seriously and we recognize our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenuehas no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, the PPI and Editorial Board will assist incommunications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful and necessary.
Duties for Editor

Publication Decisions

The editor of the PPI journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Fair Play

An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

Duties for Reviewers

Objectivity and neutrality

The reviewer must be fair, objective, unbiased, independent, and take a side with scientific truth. The process of reviewing the manuscript is carried out professionally, regardless to gender, business side, ethnicity, religion, race, class, and author's nationality.

Clarity of reference sources

The reviewer must ensure that the source of the reference/quotation of the manuscript is appropriate and credible (can be accounted for). If errors or irregularities are found in writing the references/quotations, the reviewer must immediately inform the editor in order it has to be corrected by the author according to the notes from the reviewer.

Peer-review effectiveness

he reviewer must respond to what has been sent by the editor and work in accordance with the predetermined peer review time (maximum 2 weeks). If the additional time is required in reviewing the script, there should be an immediate confirmation to the editorial board.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties for Authors


The author should inform the process and the result of the research to the editor fairly, distinctly, and comprehensively as well as keep the research data carefully and securely.

Originality and plagiarism

The author should guarantee the manuscript is original works, originally written by the authors, and not other works/ideas. Authors are prohibited to write the references without using appropriate citation or quotation.


The author must inform that the submitted manuscript has never been submitted/published in any other journals. If there is a case of resubmission of the manuscript to other publishers, the editorial board has the right to reject it.

Status of the author

The author should inform the editors that the author has the competence or qualifications in certain areas of expertise that are in accordance with the field of published science, namely librarianship. The author who sends the script to the editor is the corresponding author (co-author) so that if a problem is found in the process of publishing the manuscript, it can be immediately settled.

Errors in Manuscript Writing

The author should immediately inform the editor if there is an error in writing the manuscript, both the review of results and edits. The errors include writing the names, affiliations/agencies, quotation/citation, and other writings that may affect the meaning and the significance of the manuscript. If that happens, the author must immediately propose a repair of the manuscript.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Aknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.